History of Pen and Gesture Computing:
Annotated Bibliography in On-line Character Recognition, Pen Computing, Gesture User Interfaces and Tablet and Touch Computers

References from the approximate years 1991 to 1993.

This compilation and all annotations are copyright © Jean Renard Ward, 1993, 2004, 2011, 2013, 2016.
Permission is granted to use this information in publication, including confidential reports, provided that accompanying text clearly makes reference to the URL for this page, along with the statement:

Source:Annotated Bibliography in On-line Character Recognition,
Pen Computing, Gesture User Interfaces and Tablet and Touch Computers
Copyright Jean Renard Ward

Most of these are in my personal collection, either as physical items or electronic files.

I can be contacted at jrward@alum.mit.edu.
Copyright © Mon Apr 10 15:44:07 EDT 2017.

Mirrors of this page can be found at:

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  • [NewmanW92a] Newman, William and Wellner, Pierre "A desk supporting computer-based interaction with paper documents", Proc. CHI '92, pp 587-592
  • [NorwoodDD91a] Norwood, Donald D. "Hybrid Information Management System for Handwriting and Text", US Patent 5,063,600, November 5, 199
  • [Novobilski92] Andy Novobilski "PenPoint Programming", Addison-Wesley, August 1992 (electronic book)
  • [OConnerRJ92a] O'Conner, Rory J. "Apple banking on Newton's brain", San Jose Mercury News, April 22, 1992
  • [OSF93a] Open Software Foundation "OSF/Motif Style Guide: Release 1.2", Prentice Hall, 1993 (hardcopy book)
  • [OSF93b] Open Software Foundation "OSF/Motif User's Guide: Release 1.2", Prentice Hall, 1993 (hardcopy book)
  • [OSF93c] Open Software Foundation "OSF/Motif Programmer's Guide: Release 1.2", Prentice Hall, 1993 (hardcopy book)
  • [OlsenDR92a] Olsen, Dan R. jr. "Bookmarks: An Enhanced Scroll Bar", ACM Trans. on Graphics, Vol 11 No 3, July 1992, pp. 281-295
  • [OlsenDR93a] Olsen, Dan R.; Foley, James D.; Hudson, Scott E.; Miller, James; Myers, Brad "Research directions for user interface software tools", Behavior and Inf. Tech., 1993, Vol 12, No 2, pp. 80-97
  • [Oram91] Oram, Andrew and Talbott, Steve "Managing Projects with make, second edition", O'Reilly and Associates, 1993 (reprinted with corrections) (hardcopy book)
  • [Organek93a] Organek Technology "PenPut - Beyond character recognition!", Product announcement: PenPut, and SmartCase. Organek Technology, 695 Mariposa Avenue, Suite 304, Oakland CA 94610, (510) 438-9461
  • [PCMag91a] PC Magazine "The 8th Annual PC Magazine Technical Excellence Awards 1991: Standards and Operating Systems Winner: PenPoint / Robert Carr and the PenPoint Development Team", PC Magazine, 1991
  • [PCMag92a] PC Magazine "First Looks -- Microsoft Windows for Pen Computing and PenPoint: Two very different operating systems for pen PCs", PC Magazine, vol 11 no 12, June 30, 1992, pp. 37..39
  • [PCMag93a] PC Magazine "What's in a Pen (Computer)?", PC Magazine, Vol 12 No 10, May 25, 1993, p. 270
  • [PCMag93b] PC Magazine "Pen Pals - Personal Digital Assistants - You Can Take Them Anywhere -- But are they ready?", PC Magazine, Vol 12 No 17, October 12, 1993, Cover story
  • [PCWeek91a] PC Week "On Go's Heels, Microsoft Plans Pen-Based OS", PC Week, Jan. 14, 1991
  • [PCWeek93a] PC Week "Apple adding tablet-sized PDA", PC Week, December 6, 1993
  • [PCWeek93b] PC Week "Eo to marry pens, cell phones", PC Week, p. 25, vol 10 no 49, December 13, 1993
  • [PRNewswire93a] PRNewswire "First Newton - The MessagePad - Hits the Market", PRNewswire, July 30, 1993
  • [ParadisoJ93a] Paraidso, J. "Synchronous Proximity Detection for Stretched Wire Alignment Systems", C. S. Draper Laboratory, Cambridge Mass, Tech. Rpt. GEM-TN-93-447, August 1993
  • [ParizeauM93a] Parizeau, Marc and Plamondon, Rejean "Allograph Adjacency Constraints for Cursive Script Recognition", Proc. of Third IWFHR Int'l. Workshop for Handwriting Recognition, Buffalo NY, 1993, pp 252-261
  • [ParkerTA91a] Parker, Thomas Anthony "Access control in a distributed computer system", European Patent Application 0 456 386 A2, November 13, 1991
  • [PavlidisT92a] Pavlidis, Theo; Swartz, Jerome; and Wang, Ynjiun P. "Information Encoding with Two-Dimensional Bar Codes", IEEE Computer, June 1992, pp. 18-28
  • [PedersenER93a] Pedersen, Elin Ronby; McCall, Kim; Moran, Thomas P.; and Halasz, Frank G. "Tivoli: An Electronic Whiteboard for Informal Workgroup Meetings", Proc. INTERCHI '93, April 1993; pp. 391-398
  • [PenMagic93a] PenMagic Software Inc. "PenMagic Numero! Reference Manual: Your guide to using Numero and designing paper: Release 2.0", PenMagic Software Inc., 1993 (hardcopy book)
  • [PenMagic93b] PenMagic Software Inc. "PenMagic Numero! Getting Started: Your Guide to learning Numero Release 2.0", PenMagic Software Inc., 1993 (hardcopy book)
  • [PenMagic93c] PenMagic Software Inc. "PenMagic MagicScript Visual Scripting System Reference Manual: Everyone's guide to scripting integrated applications for PenPoint", PenMagic Software Inc., 1993 (hardcopy book) (hardcopy book)
  • [PenPoint91a] PenPoint "PenPoint UI Design Guidelines", GO Corp., Feb 15, 1991
  • [PenPoint91b] PenPoint "Video Demonstration, PenPoint Corporation 1991", GO Developers Summit, 1991, Jerry Kaplan, Robert Carr.
  • [PenPoint91c] PenPoint "Using Penpoint: Developer Release - Beta Edition", GO Corp., 1991
  • [PenPoint91d] PenPoint "PenPoint Pocket Guide: Using the Notebook / Eleven Basic Pentpoint Gestures", GO Corp., 1991
  • [PenPoint92a] PenPoint "PenPoint Architectural Reference Volume 1; PenPoint Architectural Reference Volume 2, 1992", GO Technical Library, Addison-Wesley Publishing,
  • [PenPoint92b] PenPoint "PenPoint User Interface Design Reference", GO Technical Library, Addison-Wesley Publishing, 1992
  • [PenPoint92c] PenPoint "PenPoint Application Writing Guide: 1st ed. 1992; 2nd ed. 1993", GO Technical Library, Addison-Wesley Publishing, March 1992
  • [PenPoint92d] PenPoint "PenPoint API Reference Volume 1; PenPoint API Reference Volume 2", GO Technical Library, Addison-Wesley Publishing, March 1992 (electronic book)
  • [PenPoint92e] PenPoint "PenPoint Development Tools", GO Technical Library, Addison-Wesley Publishing, March 1992
  • [PenPoint92f] PenPoint "The PenPoint Technical Papers", GO Technical Papers, GO Corp., 1992
  • [PenPoint92g] PenPoint "Getting Started with PenPoint version 1.0", GO Corp., 1992
  • [PenPoint92h] PenPoint "PenPoint for the Samsung PenMaster", Samsung Part Number SPM-PON, 1992 (hardcopy)
  • [PenPoint92i] PenPoint "PenPoint: Using GOWrite Version 1.0", GO Corp., 1992
  • [PenPoint92j] PenPoint "PenPoint Quick Reference", GO Corp., 1992
  • [PenPointPress91] PenPointPress "Press announcements on GO/PenPoint", (Various)
  • [PenRight93a] AST Research "PenRight! Application User's Guide", PenRight! Pro Software Development Kit for C programmers version 3.5, July 1993, AST Research, Fremont CA (electronic book)
  • [PenRight93b] AST Research "PenRight! Pro Software Development Kit for C programmers, Version 3.5", AST Research, Fremont CA July 1993 (hardcopy book)
  • [PenRight93c] AST Research "PenRight! Pro Tools User's Guide", PenRight! Pro Software Development Kit for C programmers version 3.5, July 1993, AST Research, Fremont CA (electric book)
  • [PenRight93d] AST Research "PenRight! Pro Learning Guide", PenRight! Pro Software Development Kit for C programmers version 3.5, July 1993, AST Research, Fremont CA (hardcopy book)
  • [PenWindows92a] PenWindows: Microsoft Corporation "Microsoft Windows for Pen Computing: Programmer's Reference, Version 1 Designed to work with Windows 3.1", Microsoft Press, 1992 (electronic book)
  • [PenWindows92b] PenWindows: Microsoft Corporation "PenWindows: Overview of the Pen API - PENAPI.HLP", Microsoft Corp. - PENAPI.HLP for PenWindows 1.0
  • [PenWindows92c] Microsoft Corporation "Microsoft Windows for Pen Computing: Programmer's Reference", Microsoft Corp., 1992 (hardcopy book)
  • [PerlinK93a] Perlin, Ken and Fox, David "Pad: An Alternative Approach to the Computer Interface", Proc. SIGGRAPH 93
  • [PerrittHH93a] Perritt, Henry H. Jr. "Knowbots Permission Headers and Contract Law", Two day workshop April 2..3 1993, Coalition for Networked Information, et al MIT Published 1994 in "Technological Strategies for Protecting Intellectual Property in the Networked Multimedia Environment, Jnl. Interactive Multimedia Association Intellectual Property Project, January 1994
  • [PetzoldC92a] Petzold, Charles "Programming Windows 3.1, Third Edition", Microsoft Press, 1992 (hardcopy book)
  • [PhilippsKL93a] Philipps, Kenneth L. "MetaInformation, The Network Of The Future And Intellectual Property Protection", Two day workshop April 2..3 1993, Coalition for Networked Information, et al MIT Published 1994 in "Technological Strategies for Protecting Intellectual Property in the Networked Multimedia Environment, Jnl. Interactive Multimedia Association Intellectual Property Project, January 1994
  • [PierK92a] Pier, Ken and Landay, James A. "Issues for Location-Independent Interfaces", Xerox PARC Tech. Rpt. ISTL92-4, December, 1992
  • [PinkasD93a] Pinkas, Denis and Caille, Phillippe "Method for obtaining a securitized cleartext attestation in a distributed data processing system environment", US Patent 5,214,700, May 25, 1993
  • [PlaisantC91a] Plaisant, Catherine "HCIL touchscreen toggle switches (University of Maryland) Video presentation", University of Maryland, 1991. Fetched from www.YouTube.com 2014.
  • [PlaisantC91b] Plaisant, Catherine and Sears, Andrew "Touchscreen interfaces for flexible alphanumeric data entry", University of Maryland Tech. Rpt. CAR-TR-585 / CS-TR-2764, September 1991
  • [PlaisantC92a] Plaisant, Catherine and Wallace, Daniel "Touchscreen Toggle Design", Proc. CHI '92, May 3-7, 1992, pp. 667-668
  • [PollackA91a] Pollack, Andrew "Technology: Positioning the Electronic Stylus", The New York Times, March 17, 1991
  • [PollackA91b] Pollack, Andrew "A Battle in Pen-Based Computers", The New York Times, January 22, 1991
  • [PressJ91a] Press, Jim "Secure Transfer of Identity and Privilege Attributes in an Open Systems Environment", Jnl. Computers and Security, Vol 10, No 2, April 1991, pp. 117..127
  • [ProtheroeRL93a] Protheroe, Robert L.; Martin, Wayne A.; Brehm, Joseph E. "Apparatus and method for digitizer sampled point validation", US Patent 5,245,139, September 14, 1993
  • [QuerciaV93a] Quercia, Valerie and O'Reilly, Tim "X Window System User's Guide: OSF/Motif 1.2 Edition, Volume 3 of The Definitive Guides to the X Window System", O'Reilly and Associates, Inc., 1993 (hardcopy)
  • [RamanaR92a] Ramana, Rao; Card, Stuart K.; Jellinek, Herbert D; Mackinlay, Jock D., and Robertson, George G. "The Information Grid: A Framework for Information Retrieval and Retrieval-Centered Applications", Proc. UIST 92, Nov 1992, pp. 23-32
  • [RashidR93a] Rashid, Richard "Speech Transcript - Rick Rashid, Microsoft Professional Developers Conference 2003, October 29, 2003", www.microsoft.com - Microsoft News Center
  • [RatcliffeM93a] Ratcliffe, Mitch and Gore, Andrew "AT\&T EO Personal Communicator: The Digital Nomad's Guide", Random House Press, 1993, ISBN 0-679-74695-1
  • [RegisterDS93a] Register, David S. and Groover, Robert III "Portable Computer with Physical Reconfiguration of Display Connection for Stylus and Keyboard Entry", US Patent 5,241,303, August 31, 1993
  • [RehgJM93a] Rehg, James M. and Kanade, Takeo "DigitEyes: Vision-based Human Hand Tracking", Carnegie Mellon Univ., report CMU-CS-93-220, 31 December 1993. Also in Proc. European Conf. on Computer Vision, May 1994, Stockholm
  • [ReiherP93a] Reiher, Peter; Page, Thomas Jr.; Popek, Gerald; Cook, Jeff; and Crocker, Stephen "Truffles - a secure service for widespread file sharing", Proc. PSRG Privacy and Security Research Group Workshop on Network and Distributed System Security, February 1993
  • [RheingoldH93a] Rheingold, Howard "The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier", Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, MA 1993
  • [Robertson91a] Robertson, George G., Henderson, D. Austin Jr. and Card, Stuark K. "Buttons as First Class Objects on an X Desktop", Proc. UIST 91, Nov 11-13 1991, pp. 35-44
  • [RobertsonGG93a] Robertson, George G. and Mackinlay, Jock D. "The Document Lens", Proc. UIST '83, Nov. 3-5 1993, Atlanta, pp. 101-108
  • [RoschWL92a] Rosch, Winn L. "Hardware Bible, 2nd edition: Your complete guide to all types of PC hardware", Brady Publishing, 1992 (hardcopy book)
  • [RosemanM92a] Roseman, Mark and Greenberg, Saul "GroupKit: A Groupware Toolkit for Building Real-Time Conferencing Applications", Proc. CSCW 92, november 1992, pp. 43-50; also in Baecker95a Toward the Year 2000
  • [RosenbergC93a] Rosenberg, Craig and Moses, Bob "Future Human Interfaces to Computer Controlled Sound Systems", AES Audio Engineering Society 95th Convention, October 7..10, 1993, New York
  • [RubinDM92a] Rubin, David M. "The Audible Macintosh", Sybex Books, 1992
  • [Rubine91] Rubine, D. "Specifying gestures by example", ACM SIGGRAPH '91 Proc., Computer Graphics Vol 25 No 4, 1991, pp 328-337
  • [Rubine91b] Rubine, D. "Integrating gesture recognition and direct manipulation", Proc. the summer '91 USENIX Technical Conf., 1991, available at http://reports-archive.adm.cs.cmu.edu/anon/itc/CMU-ITC-100.pdf
  • [Rubine91c] Rubine, Dean Harris "The Automatic Recognition of Gestures", PhD Thesis, Carnegie Mellon Univ., December 1991, CMU-CS-91-202
  • [Rubine92] Rubine, Dean Harris "Combining Gestures and Direct Manipulation", Proc. ACM Conf. on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI'92) pp 659-660, May 1992
  • [RussellGF92a] Russell, Gregory F. "Pulsed Pen for use with a digitizer tablet", US Patent 5,138,118, August 11, 1992
  • [SachsE91a] Sachs, E; Roberts, A; Stoops, D. "3-Draw: a tool for designing 3D shapes", IEEE CG&A, Nov 1991, Vol 11 No 6, pp. 18-26
  • [SarkarM92a] Sarkar, Manojit and Brown, Marc H. "Graphical Fisheye Views of Graphs", Digital Equipment Corp. DEC Systems Research Center Report SRC-RR-84a, March 17, 1992 -- to appear in SIGCHI '92
  • [SarkarM92b] Sarkar, Manojit and Brown, Marc H. "Graphical Fisheye Views of Graphs", Proc. CHI '92, May 3..7, 1992 pp. 83..91
  • [SarkarM93a] Sarkar, Manojit; Snibbe, Scott S.; Tversky, Oren J.; and Reiss, Steven P. "Stretching the Rubber Sheet: A Metaphor for Viewing Large Layouts on Small Screens", Proc. UIST '93, Atlanta GA, November 3..5, 1993, pp. 81-91
  • [SarkarM93b] Sarkar, Manojit and Brown, Marc H. "Graphical Fisheye Views", Brown Univerity Dept. of Comp. Sci., Report DS-93-40, September 1993
  • [Sato91] Sato, Kimikatsu Sagamihara; Toyoda, Ryuichi; and Masaki, Takeshi "Pen-type Computer Input Device", US Patent 5,027,115, June 25, 1991
  • [SaundersSE93a] Saunders, Steven E. "Three-Dimensional Data Acquisition on a Two-Dimensional Input Devices", US Patent 5,262,778, November 16, 1993
  • [SchilitBN93a] Schilit, Bill N.; Adams, Norman; Gold, Rich; Tso, Michael M.; Want, Roy "The ParcTab Mobile Computing System", Proc. Fourth Workshop on Workstation Operating Systems, 1993, pp 34-39
  • [SchlosserPA92a] Schlosser, Philip A. and Kable, Robert G. "Digitizer Technologies for Pen-Based Computers", Pen Computing: the 1992/92 Industry Outlook, 1992
  • [SchmandtC93a] Schmandt, Chris "Phoneshell: the Telephone as Computer Terminal", Proc. ACM Multimedia Conf, 1993
  • [SchultzCP93a] Schultz, Charles P. "Menu selection using adaptive force sensing resistor", US Patent 5,184,120, February 2, 1993
  • [SchwerdtfegerR91a] Schwerdtfegeer, Rich "Making the GUI Talk: New technology holds promise for blind and learning-disabled people who live in a GUI-oriented world", BYTE Magazine, December 1991
  • [Scriptel91a] Ball, Brian R. "Scriptel inks pact with Apple: Pen-based computer only a year away?", The Daily Reporter, Tuesday, November 26 1991
  • [Scriptel92a] Scriptel Corporation "Scriptel Announces Manufacturing License Agreement with SamSung", Press Release, Scriptel Corp., November 16, 1992
  • [Scriptel92b] Scriptel Corporation "Scriptel: Digitizers for Pen-Based Computers", Whitepaper, Scriptel Corp., 1992
  • [Scriptel92c] Scriptel Corporation "Rediscover the Power of the Pen: Scriptel PenWriter", Product brochure: Scriptel Corp., 1992
  • [Scriptel92d] Buckler, Grant "Scriptel to develop cordless stylus", Scriptel press release: Jan 8, 1992
  • [Scriptel92e] Scriptel Corporation "Scriptel Corporation: Key Facts", Scriptel Corp., 1992 (date approximate)
  • [SearsA91a] Sears, Andrew and Shneiderman, Ben "High Precision Touchscreens: Design Strategies and Comparisons with a Mouse", Int'l. Jnl. Man-Machine Studies, Vol 34 No 4, April 1991
  • [SearsA91b] Sears, Andrew "Improving touchscreen keyboards: Design issues and a comparison with other devices", Interacting with Computers, Vol 3 No 3, 1991, pp. 253..269
  • [SearsA92a] Sears, Andrew; Revis, Doreen; Swatski, Janet; Crittenden, Rob; and Shneiderman, Ben "Investigating Touchscreen Typing: The effect of keyboard size on typing speed", Univ. Maryland Tech. Rpt. CS-TR-2662 / CAR-TR-553, October 1992
  • [SearsFW91a] Sears, Francis W.; Zemansky, Mark W.; and Young, Hugh D. "College Physics, Seventh Edition", Addison-Wesley, 1991 (hardcopy book)
  • [SellenAJ92a] Sellen, Abigail J.; Kurtenbach, Gordon P.; and Buxton, William A.S. "The Prevention of Mode Errors through Sensory Feedback", Human Computer Interaction, vol 7 no 1, 1992, pp. 141..164
  • [SensorFrameCorp92a] Sensor Frame Corporation "The Sensor Frame Graphic Manipulator Final Report", NASA Tech. Rpt. NASA-CR-194243 / N94-70016 (unclassified), release date 5/8/92
  • [ShaferD91] Shafer, Dan and Ritz, Dean A. "Practical Smalltalk: Using Smalltalk/V", Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991
  • [Sharp93a] Sharp Wizard Hotline "Sharp OZ-9600 Electronic Organizer", Sharp Wizard Hotline
  • [Sharp93b] sharp. co. jp "Sharp Expert Pad Model 7000 product information", http://Sharp.co.jp
  • [SharpZaurusPDA93a] Sharp Zaurus "Wikipedia: Sharp Zaurus PDA", Wikipedia, fetched 2013
  • [SheinE91a] Shein, E.; Hamann, G.; and Brownlow, N. "WiViK: a visual keyboard for Windows 3.0", Proc. 14th Annual Conf. of the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA (91), RESNA Press, Washington, DC, pp. 160-162
  • [Shenton91] Shenton, Martha E.; Kikinis, Ron; McCarley, Robert W.; Metcalf, David; Tieman, James; and Jolesz, Ference A. "Application of automated MRI volumetric measurement techniques to the ventricular system in schizophrenics and normal controls", Schizophrenia Research, Vol 5, 1991, pp 103..113, Elsevier Science Publishers
  • [ShneidermanB91a] Shneiderman, Ben "Touchscreens now offer compelling uses", IEEE Software, Vol 8 No 2, March 1991, pp-93-94, 107
  • [ShoensK93a] Shoens, K.; Luniewski, A; Schwarz, P.; Stamos, J.; and Thomas, J. "The Rufus System: Information Organization for Semi-Structured Data", Proc. 19th VLDB Conf., Dublin Ireland 1993 pp 1..12
  • [SigelC92a] Sigel, Claude "Real-time recognition of pointing information from video", US Patent 5,168,531, December 1, 1992
  • [SignOnSystems92] Sign-On Systems, Inc. "Sign-On pen computing", SignOnSystemsinc.com/pen.htm
  • [SimmelSS93a] Simmel, Sergiu S. and Godard, Ivan "Metering and Licensing of Resources: Kalas General Purpose Approach", Two day workshop April 2..3 1993, Coalition for Networked Information, et al MIT Published 1994 in "Technological Strategies for Protecting Intellectual Property in the Networked Multimedia Environment, Jnl. Interactive Multimedia Association Intellectual Property Project, January 1994
  • [SinclairIR91a] Sinclair, Ian R. "The HarperCollins Dictionary of Computer Terms", Harper Collins, 1991 (hardcopy book)
  • [SinghG91a] Singh, Gurminder and Green, Mark "Automating the Lexical and Syntactic Design of Graphical User Interfaces: The UofA UIMS", ACM Trans of Graphics, Vol 10 No 3, July 1991, pp. 213-254. Also at CHI '89
  • [SinghG93a] Singh, Gurminder, moderator; Linton, Mark; Myers, Brad A.; Szczur, Marti "From Research Prototypes to Usable, Useful Systems: Lessons Learned in the Trenches", Panel: UIST '93, November 3-5, 1993, pp. 139-143
  • [SinghP92a] Singh, Pradeep and Weil, Lisa "Microsoft Windows for Pen Computing", Proc. IFIP 12th World Computer Congress, Madrid, September 1992, pp. 23-31
  • [Sklarew92] Sklarew, Ralph "Handwritten Keyboardless Entry Computer System", US Patent 5,157,737, assigned to Grid Systems Corp. Fremont, California, October 20, 1992
  • [Slate91a] Slate Corporation "Slate Corp. has Announced PenApps", Computer Business Review, Feb 5, 1991
  • [Slate91b] Slate Corporation "Grid Pen Essentials from Slate", Slate Corp., 1991
  • [Slate92a] Slate Corporation "Slate PenApps Application Builder Reference Manual", Copyright 1992 by Slate Corp. (hardcopy book)(Data CD)
  • [Slate92b] Slate Corporation "Slate PenBook Publishing Pack", Copyright 1992 by Slate Corp. (hardcopy book)(Data CD)
  • [Slate92c] Slate Corporation "Slate At-Hand Spreadsheet: The powerful, portable, pencentric spreadsheet for PenPoint", Copyright 1992 by Slate Corp. (hardcopy book)(Data CD)
  • [Slate92d] Slate Corporation "Day-Timer Pen Scheduler", Copyright 1992 by Slate Corp.
  • [Slate92e] Slate Corporation "JOT - Interchange format", Slate Corp., Scottsdale Arizona
  • [Slate92f] Slate Corporation "Slate PenApps Application Builder Developer's Guide", Copyright 1992 by Slate Corp. (hardcopy book)(Data CD)
  • [Slate92g] Slate Corporation "Slate PenApps Application Builder Quick Reference Version 1.0 for Windows for Pen Computing / Pen Windows 1.0(Data CD)", Copyright 1992 by Slate Corp. (hardcopy book)
  • [Slate92h] Slate Corporation "Slate Day-Timer Pen Scheduler Quick Reference", Copyright 1992 by Slate Corp.
  • [Slate92i] Slate Corporation "Delrina WinFax Pen Software User's Guide: Version 1.0 for Windows for Pen Computing", Copyright 1992 by DelRina Corp. (hardcopy book)
  • [Slate92j] Slate Corporation "Slate At-Hand Spreadsheet User's Guide, Version 1.0 for PenPoint", Copyright 1992 by Slate Corp.
  • [Slate92k] Slate Corporation "Slate At-Hand Spreadsheet Quick Reference, Version 1.0 for PenPoint", Copyright 1992 by Slate Corp.
  • [Slate92l] Slate Corporation "Slate At-Hand spreadsheet program designed specifically for pen-based computers", Slate Corp., January 27, 1992
  • [Slate92m] Slate Corporation "Slate Day-Timer Pen Scheduler User's Guide: Version 1.0 for PenPoint", Slate Corp., 1992
  • [Slate92n] Slate Corporation "Slate Day-Timer Pen Scheduler Quick References: Version 1.0 for PenPoint", Slate Corp., 1992
  • [Slate92o] Slate Corporation "Slate Product Overviews", Slate Corp., 1992
  • [SmalltalkReport91a] Smalltalk Report "Momenta Demonstration", Smalltalk Report, November/December 1991
  • [SmalltalkReport91b] Smalltalk Report "WindowBuilder: An interface builder for Smalltalk/V Windows", Smalltalk Report, September 1991
  • [SmithR91a] Smith, Randall "The Alternate Reality Kit: User Interface Overview", CHI 91 Video Presentation.
  • [SmootL92] Smoot, Lanny S. "Light-pen System for Projected Images", US Patent 5,115,230, May 19, 1992
  • [SoftwareIndustryReport91] SoftwareIndustryReport "Microsoft turns screws on tiny Go Corp. in fight for pen software market", Software Industry Report, Millin Publishing, March 4, 1991
  • [SoftwareIndustryReport92] SoftwareIndustryReport "Japanese PenPoint gets broad initial support", Software Industry Report, Millin Publishing, September 7, 1992. Available at: www.amazon.com, archived digital document (partial copy)
  • [Sony92a] Sony Corporation "Sony PalmTop product information", Sony Corp.
  • [SovieroMM92a] Soviero, Marcell M. "Your world according to Newton", Popular Science, September 1992, pp 45-49
  • [SpeeterTH93a] Speeter, Thomas H. "Apparatus for dynamically varying the resolution of a tactile sensor array", US Patent 5,237,879, August 24, 1993
  • [SpraguePJ93a] Sprague, PeterJ. and Lipscomb, Thomas H. "Information distribution system", US Patent 5,247,575, September 21, 1993
  • [StaplesL93a] Staples, Lorreta "Representation in Virtual Space: Visual Convention in the Graphical User Interface", Proc. ACM InterCHI '93, April 1993, pp. 348-354, 542
  • [StearnsRG93a] Stearns, Richard G. "Capacitive Tactile Sensor Array and Method for Sensing Pressure with the Array", US Patent 5,225,959, July 6, 1993
  • [SteinF91a] Stein, F. "Methods to Minimize the Effects of LCD M-Signal Noise on the Operation of an Attached Sensor Screen", IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin BT889-0029, Vol 34 No 7B, December 1991, pp. 435..436
  • [StifelmanLJ93a] Stifelman, Lisa J.; Arons, Barry; Schmandt, Chris; and Hulteen, Eric A. "VoiceNotes: A Speech Interface for a Hand-Held Voice Notetaker", Proc. InterCHI '93, April 1993, pp. 179-186
  • [StraussPS92a] Strauss, Paul S. and Carey, Rikk "An Object-Oriented 3D graphics Toolkit", Computer Graphics, Vol 26, No 2, July 1992, pp 341-349
  • [SturmanDJ92a] Sturman, David J. "Whole hand input", PhD Thesis, MIT, 1992 (Copyright 1991)
  • [SunBY91a] Sun, Biran Y. "Method of making a transparent touch screen switch assembly", US Patent 5,062,198, November 5, 1991
  • [Swaine91] Swaine, Michael "A Conversation with Robert Carr", Dr. Dobb's Journal, vol 16 no 11, 1991
  • [SzekelyP92a] Szekely, Pedro; Luo, Ping; and Neches, Robert "Facilitating the Exploration of Interface Design Alternatives: The HUMANOID model of interface design", Proc. SIGCHI '92, May 1992, pp. 507-515
  • [SzekelyP93a] Szekely, Pedro "User Interface Prototyping: Tools and Techniques", Proc. INTERCHI'93
  • [TakafumiI92a] Takafumi, Ito; Hiroyuki, Sakamoto; and Yutaka, Kamiyama "Display/input control system for software keyboard in information processing apparatus having integral display/input device", European Patent Application EP-464712A2, 1992
  • [Takahashi91] Takahashi, Toimoichi, and Kishino, Fumio "Hand Gesture Coding Based on Experiments Using a Hand Gesture Interface Device", SIGCHI Bulletin, Vol 23 No 2, April 1991, pp 67-74
  • [TallmanJL93a] Tallman, James Larry and Sherbeck, Terry Gene "Touchscreen Input validation system", European Patent Specification EP0271276B1, October 6, 1993
  • [TanakaD92] Tanaka, David "Pen-based systems - computer innovations", Computer Dealer News, November 30, 1992
  • [TangJC91a] Tang, John C. and Minneman, Scott "VideoWhiteboard: video shadows to support remote collaboration", Proc. CHI '91 SIGCHI Conf. on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 315-322
  • [TangJC93a] Tang, John C.; Minneman, Scott L.; Bly, Sara A.; and Harrison, Steve R. "Video Computational Shared Drawing Space", US Patent 5,239,373, August 24, 1993
  • [Tannenbaum93] Tannbenbaum, Alan R.; Zetts, John M.; An, Yu L.; Arbeitman, Gordon W.; Greanias, Evon C; and Verrier, Guy F. "Graphical User Interface with Gesture Recognition in a Multiapplication Environment", US Patent 5,252,951, October 12, 1993
  • [Tappert91] Tappert, C. C. "Speed, Accuracy, Flexibility Trade-Offs in On-Line Character Recognition", Int. J. Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 5, pp. 79-95, June 1991, also in Character and Handwriting Recognition, P. S. P. Wang (Ed.), World Scientific, 1991, also see IBM Res. Rpt. RC13228, October 1987
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